Central Nervous System Stimulants

Also Known As:

CNS Stimulants

Drug Classification:

Central Nervous System Agents

What are Central Nervous System Stimulants?

Central Nervous System Stimulants are Central Nervous System Agents that speed up the activity of the central nervous system.

The Central Nervous System consists of the nerve complex in the brain and spinal cord, and is responsible for processing and controlling most functions of the body and mind.

Most stimulants have an effect on blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and alertness. Some drugs within this category have immense therapeutic value, while some have no clinical application.

Central Nervous System Stimulants have various medical uses, including the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Narcolepsy and Obesity. Some Central Nervous System Stimulants are also popular recreational drugs, which are widely abused for their euphoric and athletic performance enhancing effects.

Central Nervous System Stimulants work by increasing the levels of certain neurotransmitters and hormones in the brain, which stimulate the activity of the central nervous system.

There are many Central Nervous System Stimulants that act on different chemicals, causing varying effects. The exact chemicals affected will depend on the specific drug, but include dopamine, serotonin, glutamate, norepinephrine, epinephrine and leptin.

The main broad categories of Central Nervous System Stimulants include:
•   Analeptic Stimulants
•   Psychomotor Stimulants
•   Methylxanthines

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Published Date:

5th April 2019


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