Central Nervous System Agents

Also Known As:

CNS Agents, Central Nervous System Drugs

Drug Classification:

Central Nervous System Agents

What are Central Nervous System Agents?

Central Nervous System Agents are a broad class of medications that affect the Central Nervous System both physiologically and psychologically through a variety of mechanisms.

The Central Nervous System consists of the nerve complex in the brain and spinal cord, and is responsible for processing and controlling most functions of the body and mind.

The two broad categories of Central Nervous System Agents are Specific Agents, and Non-specific Agents.
•   Specific Agents: Affect an identifiable molecular mechanism unique to target cells bearing receptors for that agent. These are generally further classed by locus of action or specific therapeutic use.
•   Non-specific Agents: Produce effects on different target cells and act through diverse molecular mechanisms. These are generally further classed according to whether they produce behavioural depression or stimulation.

The main types of Central Nervous System Agents include:
•   Central Nervous System Stimulants
•   Central Nervous System Depressants
•   Analgesics
•   Cholinergic Agents
•   Adrenergic Agents
•   Anticonvulsants
•   Anaesthetics
•   Hypnotics
•   Sedatives
•   Anxiolytics
•   Antidepressants
•   Antipsychotics
•   Antiparkinson Agents
•   Anorexiants
•   Antiemetic Agents
•   Antivertigo Agents
•   Cholinesterase Inhibitors
•   Muscle Relaxants
•   VMAT2 Inhibitors

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Published Date:

2nd April 2019


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